VA State Capitol - 2

A sustainable, historic, and pedestrian-friendly Capitol complex 

Virginia State Capitol Master Plan

planning, urban design, campus planning
Type
Master Plan
Scale
Campus
Location
Richmond, VA

The historic Virginia Capitol building, designed by Thomas Jefferson, stands on a hill overlooking Capitol Square - one of the few large, public, open green spaces within downtown Richmond. WRT's master plan addressed several elements of the development of the Capitol Square complex, including the need to accommodate growth and maintain operational and functional needs of the legislature. In addition, the plan considers adaptive reuse, sustainability issues, parking, security, the tourism potential of Capitol Square, and wayfinding and signage. The master plan study area consisted of 24 state owned buildings within the Capitol Square complex totaling approximately 3.3 million square feet. 

VA State Capitol - 3
VA State Capitol - 5

The plan provides a a long-range program for the growth of agencies within the Capitol Square complex, programming space, and an urban design framework to guide future construction.

VA State Capitol - 4

Completing redevelopment of the complex while respecting and relating to the adjacent historic Capitol Square was a major urban design challenge addressed by the plan. The master plan restores the historic urban fabric of Capitol Square and provides a framework that creates a unified pedestrian-friendly campus. 

This restructured framework relates to and is integrated with the historic Capitol Square complex and downtown. Design recommendations include the creation of Virginia Green, a major open space within the eastern portion of the Capitol Square complex that accommodates a variety of uses, 

provides outdoor space for future buildings, and creates pedestrian connections to physically integrate the eastern side of the complex with the adjacent historic Capitol Square and buildings. In addition, two new office buildings are proposed adjoining Virginia Green, to provide enclosure and accommodate relocated government services.

The plan recommends a variety of environmental sustainability strategies, including water use reduction, energy efficiency, site landscape, stormwater BMPs, and transportation. 

VA Capitol - 8